Homem de Mello, L. Huang, Y. Jovane, F. Kakazu, Y. Karger, W.
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Khosla, P. Kiang, A. Kim, S. Lechtman, H. Maimon, O. Naft, J. Nagata, T. Nevins, J. Nnaji, B. Nof, J. Nof, S. Nof and C. Moodie , Springer Verlag, Berlin. Dorf and A. Kusiak , Wiley, New York, pp. Oh, J.
Ohashi, S. Ong, N. Popplestone, R. Rajan, V. Nof , Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, Netherlands, pp. Randhawa, S. Jr and Faruqui, S. Rembold, B. Roy, U. Sackett, P. Sanii, E. Seliger, G. Sellers, C. Shtub, A. Solhenius, G. Styslinger, T. Suer, G. Mital and S. Swift, K. Tamaki, K.
Collaborative Product Assembly Design and Assembly Planning
Tanner, W. Tatikonda, M. Tipping, W. Van Brussel, H. Warnecke, H. Nof , Wiley, New York, pp. Wesley, M. Whitney, D.
Wiendahl, H. Witzerman, J. Woo, T. Functional test equipment operates at the same frequency the PCBA is designed for and may have the capability to margin temperature, voltage and frequency. Functional Worth Functional Worth is equal to the least expensive way to perform a given function. Function Analysis Synonymous with value analysis and value engineering. A methodology of focusing on those functions that are valuable to customers and delivering them at the lowest possible cost.
Function Analysis System Technique Function Analysis System Technique is a value analysis or function analysis technique to describe a system or product as a series of logically related functions and associate those functions to costs. This technique identifies less important functions that may then be eliminated, thereby reducing costs.
Functional Configuration Audit An engineering audit of a configuration item CI or system to verify that the performance test results of the item are in accordance with the performance specification of the item. See Design Validation and Validation. Function Cost Analysis Function Cost Analysis is an accounting allocation of cost and importance to product function. It is a tool used to support value engineering or value analysis to identify high cost functions to address.
Function Point Analysis A top down software development estimating technique which was developed by A. Factors are then applied from which time estimates may be developed.
Fuzzy Front End The is the process for determining customer needs or market opportunities, generating ideas for new products, conducting necessary research on the needs, developing product concepts, and evaluating product concepts up to the point that a decision is made to proceed with development. This process is described as the fuzzy front end because it is the product concept is least defined or most fuzzy at this point. GA see General Availability Gantt Chart Gantt Chart is a diagram used in project management, where the x axis is time and the y axis shows tasks to be performed to complete the project.
Each task is displayed as a horizontal bar spanning the time period during which it is expected to take place. The Gantt chart was developed by Charles Gantt in Gate 1.
New Product Development Glossary
A gate or stage-gate is a step where the merits and progress of the project are evaluated before further progress is allowed. Another name for a logic cell see Cell , which is a functional group of transistors having physical attributes that support a specific semiconductor process technology. A gate count can be roughly converted to a transistor count by multiplying by a factor of four.
Gatekeeper Gatekeepers are the members of management that conduct the stage-gate or phase-gate reviews that are part of a stage-gate process in new product development. The gatekeepers are usually members of a formal group known as Product Committee or similar name that are charged with portfolio management and pipeline management. Repeatability is the variation in measurement obtained with one measurement instrument when used several times by an appraiser while measuring the identical characteristic on the same part.
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Reproducibility is the variation in the averages of the measurements made by the different appraisers using the same measuring instrument when measuring the identical characteristic on the same part. General Availability The point in the product life cycle when production has been ramped-up to sufficient volumes and when product issues have been resolved so that the product is made available to all interested customers.
Graceful Degradation Graceful Degradation is the quality of a product, system or design such that when something goes wrong, it happens a little at a time and with plenty of opportunity to take action to correct the problem or at least protect against its worst consequences. Its is used to aid in design retrieval, part standardization, manufacturing cell design, and production scheduling. Groupthink An undesirable condition in which all members of a group e.
No members are then willing to raise objections or concerns about a project even though they are legitimate and based on hard data. Groupware Groupware is technology designed to facilitate the work of groups. This technology may be used to communicate, cooperate, coordinate, solve problems, compete, or negotiate. The term is ordinarily used to refer to a specific class of technologies relying on modern computer networks, such as email, newsgroups, video conferencing, collaborative conferencing, group presentation, workflow, instant messaging, and chat.
Graphical User Interface Graphical User Interface — an interface to a computer that uses icons to represent desktop objects, such as documents and programs, that the user can access and manipulate with a pointing device, such as a mouse. Groupware Groupware is any type of software designed for groups and for communication, including email, video conferencing, workflow, chat, and collaborative editing systems.
While traditional technologies such as the telephone qualify as groupware, the term is ordinarily used to refer to a specific class of technologies relying on modern computer networks, such as email, newsgroups, videophones, or chat. It may exist at any level in the system hierarchy, since configuration management must be imposed down to the lowest level where item interchangeability is required. Hardware Description Language A language that describes the physical design, electronic behavior, logical structure, and system annotation information for circuits.
An HDL allows a design to be described in a higher level of abstraction while supporting a logical synthesis path to gate-level implementation. This includes tools and interfaces that link the design and evaluation steps with code compilation models. Hazard Analysis Hazard Analysis is the detailed examination of a product from the user perspective to detect potential design flaws possibilities of failure that could cause harm and to enable manufacturers to correct them before a product is released for use.
HDL see Hardware Description Language Hidden Failure A failure which, on its own, does not become evident to the operator or user under normal circumstances. Hierarchical Design Hierarchical Design is a design methodology where portions of large designs are divided into manageable sections or sub-blocks that may be created, represented symbolically, designed, and then connected together when completed.